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Category Archives: In English, how do I say …?

Short translations and idioms, phrasal verbs and other pitfalls for Turks learning English.

11

May 11, 2013 By Tags:,

How to say ‘hoşlanmak’, ‘sevmek’, ‘nefret etmek’ in English.

love-hate in turkish

love-hate

For many of our students the concept of like, love, hate and can’t stand in English can be a bit tricky compared to ‘hoşlanmak’, ‘sevmek’, ‘nefret etmek’ in Turkish.

Most of our students know how to use ‘to love’ and ‘to like’.

In positive statements:

  • I like chocolate.
  • I love chocolate!
  • I like her very much.
  • I love that new video game.

In questions and negatives statement, ‘to like’ is more commonly used:

  • I don’t like my new teacher
  • Do you like shopping?
  • I don’t like carrots.
  • Do you like her new boyfriend?

For questions and negative statements, you can use ‘to love’ if you are talking about a person:

  • Don’t you love me?
  • I don’t love him anymore

However, if you are not talking about a person, don’t use ‘to love’. Instead, use ‘to like’.

  • I don’t love cleaning the house
  • I don’t like cleaning the house
  • I don’t love swimming
  • I don’t like swimming

Also, if you really don’t like something or someone, you can use the expression ‘can’t stand’ or ‘to hate’.

To hate should be used carefully. It is a strong verb and you should be careful when you use it to talk about your own opinions, and especially about people:

  • I hate chocolate…is generally acceptable
  • I hate studying… if ok too
  • I hate her… is a very strong and negative statement

Avoid using the verb to hate until you are a more advanced speaker.

Most English speakers use ‘can’t stand’

For example:

  • She can’t Istanbul traffic
  • I can’t stand her brother, Mehmet
  • He can’t stand the smell of kokoreç
  • I can’t stand cleaning the kitchen!

If you use ‘can’t stand’ with a verb, that verb has to take the +ing form (this is the same as to like, to love and to hate)

  • I can’t stand being here!
  • I can’t stand waiting any longer.
  • I can’t stand talking to him!

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

Look at each of the following things and people.

Then, use each verb once to make a sentence.

For example:

Blue cheese (a thing)

1. (to love) My mother loves blue cheese.

2. (to like) I don’t like eating blue cheese.

3. (can’t stand) My sister cant’ stand blue cheese.

4. (to hate) Many people hate blue cheese.

The President (a person)

1. (to love) Many people love the President.

2. (to like) I like the President.

3. (can’t stand) The opposition parties can’t stand the President.

4. (to hate) Some voters hate the President.

Now try #1 to #7 below!

1. English grammar

2. İşkembe

3. His new wife

4. Tattoos

5. Erik

6. Galatasaray

7. My English teacher

 

Let us know what you think and whether this was helpful. As always, let us know if there are any topics you would like to see covered!

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03

May 03, 2013 By Tags:, ,

İngilizce Dersleri: Saying ‘tavsiye’ in English

İngilizce Dersleri: the fourth post in our series where we offer easy, everyday solutions to challenges that Turks have with the English language.

Recently in a TurksLearnEnglish.com lesson, a student was talking to me about a restaurant that he thought I should go to and said, ‘I advise you.’ This error is a a common mistake for Turks learning English. In Turkish ‘tavsiye etmek’ would be used in this situation.

In Turkish, tavsiye is used in situations where in English you would find both to recommend and to advise or even you should.

So, how do you express tavsiye in English? It depends on the formality of your situation. Generally speaking, there are three options.

1. Advise for very formal and very important information. Common in written English.

‘I strongly advise you to stop smoking.’

‘They advised her against coming alone at night.’

‘She advised him to take the 17h00 flight so he would arrive at the meeting on time.’

2. Recommend for formal but less important statements in spoken English.

‘It is recommended that you sleep at least seven hours each night.’

‘I don’t recommend that restaurant. The food was terrible.’

‘I recommend him highly.’ (my doctor, this candidate)

3. Should + verb is the least formal in spoken English. This is the form you will hear and use most.

‘You should eat some. It’s delicious!’ (the cake, the pie)

‘You should visit it!’ (that restaurant, the new art gallery)

‘You should see it.’ (that film, the new TV series)

‘You should come.’ (to Madrid with us next week, to the cinema tonight)

Your turn!

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

Look at the examples below and try to think of a response for each one using the word in brackets. For each exercise, a. is the most formal, and c. the least formal situation.

Here’s an example (we’ve completed the responses for you in bold):

You have gained 10 kilograms during the last year.

a. Your doctor says ‘I advise you take change your diet and take regular exercise’

b. An article in the newspaper states, ‘Doctors recommend at least 20 minutes of vigorous exercise each day if you want to lose weight’.

c. Your friends says, ‘Mate, you should lose some weight!’

Now, think of some responses for #1 to #3:

1. You are stressed, overworked and have not taken a holiday in three years.

a. What does your doctor tell you? (advise)

b. What does your colleague say to you? (recommend)

c. What do your friends suggest? (should)

2. The new James Bond film is released and it receives great reviews.

a. What does a movie critic write so that people go to see it? (advise)

b. How do you tell your boss to see it? (recommend)

c. How would tell a friend to watch it? (should)

3. Your mother eats a lot of sugary and unhealthy food.

a. What would a nutritionist tell her? (advise)

b. What would the salesperson in the health food shop tell her? (recommend)

c. What would her best friend tell her? (should)

Did you find this helpful? Let us know what other topics you would like us to cover!

 

 

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27

Apr 27, 2013 By Tags:,

İngilizce Dersleri: ‘açmak’ and ‘kapatmak’

İngilizce Dersleri: the second post in our series where we offer easy, everyday solutions to challenges that Turks have with the English language.

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

If Turkish is your mother tongue, then you might have difficulty using açmak and kapatmak in English. Like many aspects of Turkish, the same words can be used across a number of different situations. And like many aspects of English, a literal translation does not work. In English, it’s slightly more complicated so we’ve chosen to include this concept in our İngilizce Dersleri series.

İngilizce Dersleri: How to use turn on/off and switch on/off

In Turkish, açmak and kapatmak are used respectively to turn on and turn off computers, lights and iPads. It is also used to hang up or to end a telephone call.

However, a literal translation just doesn’t work. You cannot open or close a computer, an iPad or a phone.

Luckily, the rules here are actually quite simple.

First, if the thing, device or appliance is powered by electricity, then you can switch it on or off and turn it on or off.

– You can turn on a lamp.

– You can turn off the oven.

– You can switch on a stereo.

– You can turn on a printer.

– And I often ask my students to switch off their iPads.

The exception is:

If you’re on the phone, in English you answer a phone call and you hang up at the end of the conversation.

– I hung up after speaking with my friend.

– I answered his call as soon as the phone rang.

– Don’t hang up!

– I answered his call on Skype.

You cannot open or close a phone in English.

And we think that covers it. A simple lesson, and with the amount of electronic devices in our daily lives, an important one!

As always, let us know if this was helpful, and why not suggest other topics you would like us to cover!

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Mosque, istanbul, sketch
26

Apr 26, 2013 By Tags:, , ,

İngilizce Dersleri: ‘önce’ and ‘sonra’

İngilizce Dersleri: this series offers easy, everyday solutions to challenges that Turks have with the English language.

If Turkish is your mother tongue, you might have difficulty with ago, earlier, before, after, in, and later. These words can be adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions and adjectives. Here we look at the most basic errors by Turks and provide a couple of examples to explain how you can use the idea of sonra and önce in English.

İngilizce for Turks: Ago, earlier, or before?

How do you express this idea in English: Üç gün önce sinemaya gittim.

You can use ago or earlier. Ago would be more common.

I went to the cinema three days ago is natural spoken English

I went to the cinema three days earlier is also correct, but more formal.

For example:

 – He left three days ago.

He left three days earlier.

Don’t use before.

In the two sentences above, ago and later are adverbs.

İngilizce for Turks: How to use before

Next, how do you deal with: Sinemaya gitmeden önce kahve içtik?

To express this idea in English, you need to understand that önce joins two events. So before is the correct word to use:

We drank coffee before we went to the cinema, or

Before we went to the cinema we drank coffee.

In these examples, before is a conjunction.

Don’t use ago or later.

İngilizce for Turks: After, later or in?

Üç gün sonra sinemaya gidiyoruz.

Here, you are talking about an event in the future. The only correct word is in:

We’re going to the cinema in three days.

And, üç gün sonra Istanbul’dan ayrılacak.

He’ll leave Istanbul in three days.

What about this?

Üç gün önce Istanbul’dan ayrıldı.

This is something that happened in the past, so the correct word is ago.

She left Istanbul three days ago.

Don’t use later.

But, if you are talking about an event that happened before another event in the past, then you need to use later or after.

For example:

Istanbul’a geldi. Üç gün sonra ayrıldı.

He arrived in Istanbul and left two days later.

Again, later is an adverb.

İngilizce for Turks: How to use after

After is both an adverb and a preposition in English

Biz geldikten sonra ayrıldı.

He left after we arrived.

Yemekten sonra sinemaya gidiyorum.

I’m going to the cinema after dinner.

In the first example, after is an adverb.

For the second example, after is a preposition.

I know that advanced learners and native English speakers might disagree with me, but the idea is to make the use of the words a little easier.

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

As always, let us know if this was helpful, or any other topics you would like us to cover!

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20

Apr 20, 2013 By Tags:

İngilizce for Turks: How to use ‘deney yapmak’ in English

Welcome. This is the first post in our ‘English for Turks’ series, where we share authentic language examples from our online English classes and provide methods of fixing them.

 

Yesterday a student at TurksLearnEnglish.com talked about a science class from his school days.

‘I experimented with water. We heated the water to find the boiling point.’

As we realized, Turks can have difficulty using the concept of ‘deney yapmak’ and ‘denemek’ in English.

To use ‘experiment’ correctly in English, you need to think about if you are doing something in a formal and scientific way or if you are doing something in a casual and informal way.

1.         If you are doing something in a formal and scientific way:

a.         To do an experiment ‘with or on something’

b.         To conduct an experiment ‘with or on something’

c.          To carry out an experiment ‘with or on something’

In English, it is more common to express the student’s idea like this:

  • ‘I did an experiment with water,’
  • or more formally,
  • ‘I conducted an experiment with water,’
  • or even more formally,
  • ‘I carried out an experiment with water.’

2.         If you are doing something in a casual and informal way:

d.         To experiment ‘with something’

To try something new, to gain experience

For example:

The author experimented with a new writing style.

Comparing the two uses:

  • The teenager experimented with alcohol.
  • The doctors conducted experiments to improve treatment of the disease.
  • The children did experiments in the classroom to learn more about chemical reactions.

In the first sentence, the teenager is doing something with less formality, in a non-scientific way.

In the next two sentences, the doctors and children are doing something in an orderly, structured or systematic way.

Your turn!

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

Look at the examples below.

a) Is the subject doing something formally or informally?

b) Try to build a sentence using the word using experiment

1.         An artist always paints dark landscapes. After many years, she decides to try painting people and landscapes

2.         A team of doctors are trying to discover a cure for cancer. They just received money from the government to continue their scientific tests.

3.         A teenage girl starts reading fashion magazines. She spends the afternoon trying to make some of the new hair styles she sees on the model in the magazines.

As always, let us know if this post was helpful for you!

 

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