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Türklere İngilizce: language learning tips from our experience of teaching English to Turks. We share learning tips that come directly from our online conversation classes, please enjoy and comment! Let us know if there are any topics you would like us to cover!

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26

Apr 26, 2013 By Tags:, , ,

İngilizce Dersleri: ‘önce’ and ‘sonra’

İngilizce Dersleri: this series offers easy, everyday solutions to challenges that Turks have with the English language.

If Turkish is your mother tongue, you might have difficulty with ago, earlier, before, after, in, and later. These words can be adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions and adjectives. Here we look at the most basic errors by Turks and provide a couple of examples to explain how you can use the idea of sonra and önce in English.

İngilizce for Turks: Ago, earlier, or before?

How do you express this idea in English: Üç gün önce sinemaya gittim.

You can use ago or earlier. Ago would be more common.

I went to the cinema three days ago is natural spoken English

I went to the cinema three days earlier is also correct, but more formal.

For example:

 – He left three days ago.

He left three days earlier.

Don’t use before.

In the two sentences above, ago and later are adverbs.

İngilizce for Turks: How to use before

Next, how do you deal with: Sinemaya gitmeden önce kahve içtik?

To express this idea in English, you need to understand that önce joins two events. So before is the correct word to use:

We drank coffee before we went to the cinema, or

Before we went to the cinema we drank coffee.

In these examples, before is a conjunction.

Don’t use ago or later.

İngilizce for Turks: After, later or in?

Üç gün sonra sinemaya gidiyoruz.

Here, you are talking about an event in the future. The only correct word is in:

We’re going to the cinema in three days.

And, üç gün sonra Istanbul’dan ayrılacak.

He’ll leave Istanbul in three days.

What about this?

Üç gün önce Istanbul’dan ayrıldı.

This is something that happened in the past, so the correct word is ago.

She left Istanbul three days ago.

Don’t use later.

But, if you are talking about an event that happened before another event in the past, then you need to use later or after.

For example:

Istanbul’a geldi. Üç gün sonra ayrıldı.

He arrived in Istanbul and left two days later.

Again, later is an adverb.

İngilizce for Turks: How to use after

After is both an adverb and a preposition in English

Biz geldikten sonra ayrıldı.

He left after we arrived.

Yemekten sonra sinemaya gidiyorum.

I’m going to the cinema after dinner.

In the first example, after is an adverb.

For the second example, after is a preposition.

I know that advanced learners and native English speakers might disagree with me, but the idea is to make the use of the words a little easier.

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

As always, let us know if this was helpful, or any other topics you would like us to cover!

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20

Apr 20, 2013 By Tags:

İngilizce for Turks: How to use ‘deney yapmak’ in English

Welcome. This is the first post in our ‘English for Turks’ series, where we share authentic language examples from our online English classes and provide methods of fixing them.

 

Yesterday a student at TurksLearnEnglish.com talked about a science class from his school days.

‘I experimented with water. We heated the water to find the boiling point.’

As we realized, Turks can have difficulty using the concept of ‘deney yapmak’ and ‘denemek’ in English.

To use ‘experiment’ correctly in English, you need to think about if you are doing something in a formal and scientific way or if you are doing something in a casual and informal way.

1.         If you are doing something in a formal and scientific way:

a.         To do an experiment ‘with or on something’

b.         To conduct an experiment ‘with or on something’

c.          To carry out an experiment ‘with or on something’

In English, it is more common to express the student’s idea like this:

  • ‘I did an experiment with water,’
  • or more formally,
  • ‘I conducted an experiment with water,’
  • or even more formally,
  • ‘I carried out an experiment with water.’

2.         If you are doing something in a casual and informal way:

d.         To experiment ‘with something’

To try something new, to gain experience

For example:

The author experimented with a new writing style.

Comparing the two uses:

  • The teenager experimented with alcohol.
  • The doctors conducted experiments to improve treatment of the disease.
  • The children did experiments in the classroom to learn more about chemical reactions.

In the first sentence, the teenager is doing something with less formality, in a non-scientific way.

In the next two sentences, the doctors and children are doing something in an orderly, structured or systematic way.

Your turn!

Keep in mind, that if you prefer video learning exercise we have a library of video learning exercises waiting for you in our Ingilizce Dersleri section! These videos are available to you at all times and are a great compliment to written exercises and live conversation classes.

Look at the examples below.

a) Is the subject doing something formally or informally?

b) Try to build a sentence using the word using experiment

1.         An artist always paints dark landscapes. After many years, she decides to try painting people and landscapes

2.         A team of doctors are trying to discover a cure for cancer. They just received money from the government to continue their scientific tests.

3.         A teenage girl starts reading fashion magazines. She spends the afternoon trying to make some of the new hair styles she sees on the model in the magazines.

As always, let us know if this post was helpful for you!

 

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