The concept of ‘izin’, often translated as ‘permission’ or ‘consent’ in English, is a word with a wide range of meanings in Turkish.
In this post, the second in our ‘In English, how to express… ‘ series, we’ll look at the most common ways in English to express the concepts of ‘izin almak’ and ‘izin vermek’.
If you prefer a video lesson, why not check out our Ingilizce Dersleri video library. We have a series of great lessons in a video format.
First, let’s look at a few ways to express ‘izin vermek’.
The verb ‘to allow’ makes it possible for someone to do or not to do something:
The boss allowed me to take the afternoon off to see the doctor.
The government would not allow him to enter the country.
You’re not allowed to speak during the exam (Note that ‘to be allowed’ is a commonly used in English).
The phrase ‘to give permission’ can be used in a similar way, though it is usually used for a specific time or event, and it is more formal than ‘to allow’:
The boss gave me permission me to take the afternoon off to see the doctor.
The school gave her permission to take the exam again.
The IT department would not give him permission to access the files.
The verb ‘to let’ is very common in English. It is used to allow something to happen by giving your permission’:
When I was young my parents wouldn’t let me stay up late.
My boss let me take the afternoon off to visit my father in hospital.
They let me take a 10-day vacation in August.
Can you let me in? (i.e. Can you open the door?)
Now let’s look at ‘izin almak’.
In English the simplest way to express this concept is with ‘to get permission’.
I couldn’t get permission to access those files.
He got permission to leave work early so he wouldn’t miss the plane.
We got permission to enter the building after we showed some personal ID.
Note: Don’t use ‘to take permission’. It’s Turklish and not natural English!
I took permission to leave early.
I got permission to leave early.
They allowed me to leave early.
They let me leave early.
They gave me permission to leave early.
Now it’s your turn!
For each situation below, form a sentence using each of the verbs.
You want to attend a conference on Friday. You ask your boss but he says that you have to work.
(to allow) He won’t allow me to attend the conference.
(to give permission) He didn’t give me permission to attend the conference.
(to let) He won’t let me attend the conference.
(to get permission) I didn’t get permission to attend the conference.
1. You made an appointment to see the doctor at 3pm tomorrow. Your boss agrees that you can leave work at 12pm.
2. You asked your mother if you could go to the cinema with your friends tonight. She said ‘no’ because your grandparents are coming to visit.
3. Your best friend arrives in town tomorrow afternoon. You haven’t seen him in three months so you ask your boss for a day off. She says ‘no’.
4. You want to borrow your dad’s car to drive to Ankara tomorrow. He say’s that it’s fine. as long as your drive safely.